Our Diplomatic History

On September 22nd 1971, the Bahraini flag was raised at the United Nations for the first time, signalling the Kingdom’s entrance into the family of nations as a modern independent state. Since then, the Kingdom has vastly expanded its diplomatic network and international reach. Today, the Kingdom of Bahrain has embassies and representatives in more than thirty countries, with work underway to expand our global presence further.

Much of this work was accomplished under the guidance of His Highness Shaikh Mohammed bin Mubarak Al Khalifa, Deputy Prime Minister and the Kingdom’s first Minister of Foreign Affairs. On January 14th 2019, His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa ordained the establishment of a diplomatic academy to succeed the Diplomatic Institute at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The new institution honours His Highness Shaikh Mohammed bin Mubarak as a pioneer of Bahraini diplomacy: The Mohammed bin Mubarak Al Khalifa Academy for Diplomatic Studies.

On September 22nd 1971, the Bahraini flag was raised at the United Nations for the first time, signalling the Kingdom’s entrance into the family of nations as a modern independent state. Since then, the Kingdom has vastly expanded its diplomatic network and international reach. Today, the Kingdom of Bahrain has embassies and representatives in more than thirty countries, with work underway to expand our global presence further.

Much of this work was accomplished under the guidance of His Highness Shaikh Mohammed bin Mubarak Al Khalifa, Deputy Prime Minister and the Kingdom’s first Minister of Foreign Affairs. On January 14th 2019, His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa ordained the establishment of a diplomatic academy to succeed the Diplomatic Institute at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The new institution honours His Highness Shaikh Mohammed bin Mubarak as a pioneer of Bahraini diplomacy: The Mohammed bin Mubarak Al Khalifa Academy for Diplomatic Studies.

With its flag raised proudly at the United Nations, the Kingdom of Bahrain celebrated its official position as a member of the international community in 1971.

This marked an important milestone in the Kingdom’s contemporary history, one of which was realized approximately two years after the establishment of the Directorate of Foreign Affairs within the Kingdom’s government.

With the Kingdom of Bahrain’s official recognition, the Directorate of Foreign Affairs transformed into the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and embarked on a journey, cementing old friendships and forging new ones.

Establishment of the Foreign Affairs Directorate
12 January 1969
Establishment of the Foreign Affairs Directorate by Decree HH Shaikh Mohammed bin Mubarak Al Khalifa is appointed as Director.
12 January 1969
30 March – 18 April 1970
The United Nations fact-finding mission headed by Vittorio Winspeare-Guicciardi visits the Kingdom of Bahrain.
30 March – 18 April 1970
Winspeare-Guicciardi’s report
11 May 1970
The UN Security Council unanimously endorses Winspeare-Guicciardi’s report.
11 May 1970
HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa declared Amir of the State of Bahrain
15 August 1971
HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa is declared Amir of the State of Bahrain.
15 August 1971
15 August 1971
The Council of Ministers is established by Amiri Decree.
15 August 1971
Treaty of Friendship
15 August 1971
The Kingdom of Bahrain and the United Kingdom sign a “Treaty of Friendship.”
15 August 1971
HE Jawad Al Arayed presents the application of the Kingdom of Bahrain for membership in the United Nations
16 August 1971
HE Jawad Al Arayed presents the application of the Kingdom of Bahrain for membership in the United Nations.
16 August 1971
21 August 1971
Appointment of the first British ambassador to the Kingdom of Bahrain.
21 August 1971
Establishment of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs by Amiri Decree
30 August 1971
Establishment of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs by Amiri Decree. HH Shaikh Mohammed bin Mubarak Al Khalifa is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first Minister of Foreign Affairs.
30 August 1971
30 August 1971
Diplomatic and Consular Corps regulated by Amiri Decree.
30 August 1971
HE Dr. Salman Al Saffar
1 September 1971
HE Dr. Salman Al Saffar is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first permanent representative to the UN.
1 September 1971
11 September 1971
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the League of Arab States.
11 September 1971
21 September 1971
The Kingdom of Bahrain admitted as the 129th member state of the UN.
21 September 1971
21 September 1971
The Embassy of the United States of America opens in Manama.
21 September 1971
Bahraini flag raised at the UN Headquarters
22 September 1971
The Bahraini flag is raised in a ceremony held at the UN Headquarters.
22 September 1971
HE Suleiman M. Al Shaheen presents his credentials as first Kuwaiti ambassador to the Kingdom of Bahrain
September 1971
HE Suleiman M. Al Shaheen presents his credentials as first Kuwaiti ambassador to the Kingdom of Bahrain.
September 1971
HE Ali Al Gufaidi presents his credentials as the first Saudi representative to the Kingdom of Bahrain
23 October 1971
Saudi Chargé d’Affaires HE Ali Al Gufaidi presents his credentials as the first Saudi representative to the Kingdom of Bahrain.
23 October 1971
8 November 1971
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the United Nation’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO).
8 November 1971
29 November 1971
HE Taqi Al Baharna presents his credentials as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the Arab Republic of Egypt.
29 November 1971
4 December 1971
HE Shaikh Salman bin Duaij Al Khalifa is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the United Kingdom.
4 December 1971
18 January 1972
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of UNESCO.
18 January 1972
Pakistan ambassador
February-June 1972
Representatives of various nations present their credentials as ambassadors to the Kingdom of Bahrain including: The United States of America, The Republic of India, The Islamic Republic of Pakistan, The Arab Republic of Egypt, The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, The Republic of Tunisia , The Republic of Iraq, The French Republic.
February-June 1972
June 1972
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the Non-Aligned Movement.
June 1972
17 July 1972
HE Abdulaziz Buali is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador in Tehran .
17 July 1972
29 July 1972
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.
29 July 1972
7 September 1972
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the International Monetary Fund.
7 September 1972
15 September 1972
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the World Bank.
15 September 1972
22-24 February 1974
Late Amir of Bahrain, HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa attends the OIC summit held in Lahore.
22-24 February 1974
20 March 1974
HE Ali Al Mahroos is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the Lebanese Republic.
20 March 1974

The decade following the inauguration of several Bahraini embassies, notably in the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom, marked key developments in diplomatic relations.

The Kingdom of Bahrain’s contribution to the creation of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), and the hosting of one of its first summits in Manama in 1983, reflect the country’s commitment to regional peace and security.

1 January 1975
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU).
1 January 1975
1975
The Kingdom of Bahrain presides over the Council of the League of Arab States at the ministerial level,
1975
June 1975 – January 1977
HE Salman Al Sabagh is appointed as ambassador to the Republic of Iraq.
HE Shaikh Ahmed bin Ali Al Khalifa is appointed as ambassador to the Kingdom Saudi Arabia.
HE Saif Al Musallam is appointed as ambassador to the State of Kuwait.
HE Jassim Bullay is appointed as ambassador to the French Republic.
HE Abdulaziz Buali is appointed as ambassador to the United States of America.
HE Salim Al Absi is appointed as ambassador in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
June 1975 – January 1977
HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa receives Egyptian President Anwar Al Sadat
27 February 1976
The late Amir of Bahrain, HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa receives Egyptian President Anwar Al Sadat.
27 February 1976
HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa receives HM King Khalid of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
March 1976
The late Amir of Bahrain, HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa receives HM King Khalid of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
March 1976
10 December 1977
HE Fwasheet Neteyoun presents his credentials as first Thai ambassador to the Kingdom of Bahrain.
10 December 1977
15 February 1979
The late Amir of Bahrain, HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa receives HM Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
15 February 1979
13 June 1979
HE Mohammad Hasan Ali presents his credentials as the first Omani ambassador to the Kingdom of Bahrain.
13 June 1979
21 April 1980
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the World Meteorological Organization.
21 April 1980
22 – 23 May 1981
HH Shaikh Mohammed bin Mubarak participates in the preparatory ministerial meeting of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in Abu Dhabi, UAE.
22 – 23 May 1981
1st GCC Summit held in Abu Dhabi, UAE
25 – 26 May 1981
The late Amir of Bahrain, HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa attends the first GCC summit held in Abu Dhabi, UAE.
25 – 26 May 1981
HE Kareem Al Shakar is appointed permanent representative to the UN in Geneva
14 August 1982
HE Kareem Al Shakar is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first permanent representative to the UN in Geneva.
14 August 1982
9 – 11 November 1982
The Kingdom of Bahrain hosts the GCC summit for the first time.
9 – 11 November 1982
Ministry of Foreign Affairs top view
1983
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs moves to its new premises.
1983
1 March 1983
HE Shaikh Khalid bin Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa joins the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as a Third Secretary.
1 March 1983
1985
The Kingdom of Bahrain presides over the Council of the League of Arab States at the ministerial level.
1985
26 November 1986
The late Amir of Bahrain, HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa and the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd bin Abdulaziz inaugurate the King Fahd Causeway.
26 November 1986
19 – 22 December 1988
The Kingdom of Bahrain hosts the 9th GCC summit.
19 – 22 December 1988
3 September 1989
HE Hussain Al Sabagh is appointed as the Kingdom’s first ambassador to the People’s Republic of China.
3 September 1989
2 November 1989
The Kingdom of Bahrain is elected as a member of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
2 November 1989
2 December 1989
HE Khalid Al Musallam is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the Sultanate of Oman.
2 December 1989

Substantial international challenges resulted in a series of diplomatic successes that were achieved through willingness and commitment.

With support from their global alliances, the Kingdom of Bahrain was ready and able to meet complex global challenges with ease and confidence. The country’s efforts to defend their territorial and maritime sovereignty through diplomatic means at the International Court of Justice, demonstrate dedication to the nation, unwavering conviction and collective consciousness.

Furthermore, the Kingdom of Bahrain’s role on the UN Security Council (1998-1999) as a non-permanent member, and the election of HE Shaikha Haya bin Rashed Al Khalifa in 2006 as the first Arab woman to preside over the UN General Assembly, exemplify the advancement of the country, further cementing their global image as a progressive, tolerant nation.

8 July 1991
Qatar files an application at the International Court of Justice (ICJ), beginning proceedings against the Kingdom of Bahrain over the issue of territorial disputes between the two countries.
8 July 1991
30 July 1991
HE Anatolee Hafrio Shenko presents his credentials as the first Russian ambassador to the Kingdom of Bahrain.
30 July 1991
20 August 1991
HE Mohammad Al Mahmeed is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the Syrian Arab Republic.
20 August 1991
13 February 1992
The Kingdom of Bahrain accedes to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
13 February 1992
19 February 1992
HE Salman Al Saffar presents his credentials as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the Russian Federation.
19 February 1992
27 October 1992
Appointment of HE Isa Al Jam’e as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the United Arab Emirates.
27 October 1992
13 December 1993
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.
13 December 1993
30 November 1994
International Court of Justice sets the deadline for the submission of all points regarding the territorial dispute with Qatar.
30 November 1994
19 – 21 December 1994
The Kingdom of Bahrain hosts the 15th GCC summit.
19 – 21 December 1994
1 January 1995
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the World Trade Organization.
1 January 1995
22 March 1995
The Kingdom of Bahrain accedes to the Convention establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization.
22 March 1995
11 September 1995
HE Ahmed Abbas is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany .
11 September 1995
15 March 1996
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes.
15 March 1996
18 August 1997
HE Abdulnabi Museeb is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria.
18 August 1997
18 August 1997
HE Mustafa Kamal is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the Kingdom of Morocco.
18 August 1997
The Kingdom of Bahrain is elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council
14 October 1997
The Kingdom of Bahrain is elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council.
14 October 1997
6 March 1998
The Kingdom of Bahrain accedes to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
6 March 1998
HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa meets with former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan
29 May 1998
The late Amir of Bahrain, HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa meets with former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan.
29 May 1998
17 February 1999
The ICJ orders the disregard of forged Qatari documents in the case over the territorial disputes.
17 February 1999
6 March 1999
HM King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa succeeds the late Amir of Bahrain, HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa.
6 March 1999
25 December 1999
The Kingdom of Bahrain’s first female ambassador HE Shaikha Haya bint Rashed Al Khalifa is appointed as ambassador to the French Republic.
25 December 1999
Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan visits the Kingdom of Bahrain
11 November 2000
Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan visits the Kingdom of Bahrain and inaugurates the UN House.
11 November 2000
The 21st GCC summit held in Manama
30 – 31 December 2000
The 21st GCC summit is held in Manama.
30 – 31 December 2000
14 – 15 February 2001
Bahraini embassies take part in the National Action Charter referendum, endorsed by the Bahraini people with 98.4 percent of the vote.
14 – 15 February 2001
16 March 2001
The ICJ reasserts the Kingdom of Bahrain’s sovereignty over the Hawar Islands and Qit’at Jaradah, and determines the basis for maritime delimitation between the two states.
16 March 2001
18 April 2001
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the World Customs Organization.
18 April 2001
HE Shaikh Khalid bin Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa is appointed as ambassador to the United Kingdom
29 August 2001
HE Shaikh Khalid bin Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa is appointed as ambassador to the United Kingdom.
29 August 2001
15 March 2002
The United States designates the Kingdom of Bahrain as a Major Non-NATO ally.
15 March 2002
11 November 2002
HH Shaikh Mohammed bin Mubarak Al Khalifa is appointed as Deputy Prime Minister in addition to his duties as the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
11 November 2002
1 March 2003
His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa presides over the 15th summit of the League of Arab States held in Sharm El Sheikh.
1 March 2003
12 April 2004
The Kingdom of Bahrain ratifies the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty.
12 April 2004
FTA 2004
14 September 2004
Signing of the Kingdom of Bahrain-United States Free Trade Agreement.
14 September 2004
December 2004
The Kingdom of Bahrain hosts the first Regional Security Summit (Manama Dialogue) organized by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).
December 2004
21 December 2004
The Kingdom of Bahrain hosts the 25th GCC summit.
21 December 2004

The achievements of Bahraini diplomacy continue to grow on the international stage, and the Kingdom’s expanding network of embassies, indicate a resolute, unanimous and effective vision. Efforts to enable young diplomats reflect an acknowledgement of the future generation’s crucial role in influencing and facilitating advancement in a global world.

15 August 2005
HE Dr. Khalil Ibrahim is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to Japan.
15 August 2005
HRH Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa speech at the UN
16 September 2005
HRH Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and First Deputy Prime Minister, addresses the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly.
16 September 2005
26 September 2005
HE Shaikh Khalid bin Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa is appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs.
26 September 2005
March – September 2006
The Kingdom of Bahrain presides over the 126th session of the Council of the League of Arab States at the ministerial level.
March – September 2006
9 May 2006
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the UN Human Rights Council.
9 May 2006
HE Shaikha Haya bint Rashed Al Khalifa is elected President of the 61st UN General Assembly
8 June 2006
HE Shaikha Haya bint Rashed Al Khalifa is elected President of the 61st UN General Assembly.
8 June 2006
12 September 2006
HE Shaikha Haya bint Rashed Al Khalifa addresses the opening session of the 61st UN General Assembly.
12 September 2006
20 September 2006
The Kingdom of Bahrain accedes to the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights.
20 September 2006
15 February 2007
HE Mohammed Ibrahim is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
15 February 2007
2 March 2007
HE Dr. Mohammed Ghassan Shaikho is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the Republic of India.
2 March 2007
6 March 2007
HRH Princess Sabeeka bint Ibrahim Al Khalifa, Wife of HM the King and President of the Supreme Council for Women, addresses the UN General Assembly on the issue of gender equality and empowerment of women.
6 March 2007
HRH Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa receives the 2006 Special Citation of the Habitat Scroll of Honour Award
3 July 2007
HRH the Prime Minister, Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa receives the 2006 Special Citation of the Habitat Scroll of Honour Award.
3 July 2007
27 September 2007
The Kingdom of Bahrain accedes to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
27 September 2007
26 February 2008
HE Dr. Mohammed Abdulghafar is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the Kingdom of Belgium.
26 February 2008
18 May 2008
HE Adel Satir is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the Kingdom of Thailand.
18 May 2008
21 May 2008
The Kingdom of Bahrain is elected as a member of the UN Human Rights Council.
21 May 2008
21 May 2008
HE Ibrahim Al Abdullah is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first ambassador to the Republic of Turkey.
21 May 2008
3 July 2008
HE Huda Nunu becomes the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first Jewish ambassador to the United States.
3 July 2008
15 May 2009
HRH Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and First Deputy Prime Minister, leads the Kingdom of Bahrain’s delegation at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.
15 May 2009
6 May 2009
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a of the International Atomic Energy Agency .
6 May 2009
16 – 17 May 2009
His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa receives former UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
16 – 17 May 2009
30 June 2009
The first GCC-ASEAN Ministerial Meeting is held in Manama.
30 June 2009
HRH Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa meets former UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in New York, USA
3 June 2011
HRH Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and First Deputy Prime Minister, meets former UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in New York, USA.
3 June 2011
30 June 2011
The Kingdom of Bahrain ratifies the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
30 June 2011
Alice
27 July 2011
HE Alice Samaan is appointed as the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first female ambassador to the United Kingdom.
27 July 2011
22 September 2011
His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa addresses the general debate of the 66th session of the UN General Assembly.
22 September 2011
24 December 2012
The 33rd GCC summit is held in Manama.
24 December 2012
Bahia
20 August 2015
HE Dr. Bahia Al Jishi becomes the Kingdom of Bahrain’s first female ambassador to the Kingdom of Belgium.
20 August 2015
27 September 2015
The International Telecommunications Union confers the “Information and Communication Technology in Sustainable Development” on HRH the Prime Minister, Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa.
27 September 2015
15 December 2015
The Kingdom of Bahrain becomes a member of the Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition.
15 December 2015
24 January 2016
The Kingdom of Bahrain hosts the first session of the Ministerial Meeting of the Arab-Indian Cooperation Forum.
24 January 2016
March – September 2016
The Kingdom of Bahrain presides over the 145th session of the Council of the League of Arab States at the ministerial level.
March – September 2016
6 – 7 December 2016
The Kingdom of Bahrain hosts the 37th GCC summit.
6 – 7 December 2016
Crown Prince of Bahrain in Washington DC
30 November 2017
HRH Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and First Deputy Prime Minister meets with US President Donald Trump in Washington DC.
30 November 2017
5 February 2018
HE Dr. Mohammed Ghassan Shaikho presents his credentials as the first Bahraini ambassador to the Republic of Indonesia.
5 February 2018
BH-PRC
9 – 10 July 2018
HE Shaikh Khalid bin Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa, the Minister of Foreign Affairs attends the 8th Ministerial Meeting of the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum in Beijing.
9 – 10 July 2018
A World of possibilities Timeline Phase
12 October 2018
The Kingdom of Bahrain is elected a member of the UN Human Rights Council.
12 October 2018
HH Shaikh Mohammed Bin Mubarak Al Khalifa visit
28 October 2018
The new premises of the Diplomatic Institute opens under the patronage of HH Shaikh Mohammed bin Mubarak Al Khalifa, Deputy Prime Minister and former Secretary-General of the League of Arab States Amr Moussa.
28 October 2018
14 January 2019
His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa proclaims the 14th of January as the annual “Diplomatic Day.”
14 January 2019
Peace Workshop
25 – 26 June 2019
The Kingdom of Bahrain hosts the Peace to Prosperity economic workshop.
25 – 26 June 2019
29 July 2019
The United Nations declares the 5th of April of each year to be an “International Day of Conscience,” in response to the initiative of HRH the Prime Minister, Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa.
29 July 2019
1 August 2019
His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa issues a Royal Decree establishing the Mohammed bin Mubarak Al Khalifa Academy for Diplomatic Studies.
1 August 2019
Prime Minister Modi visit to Bahrain
24 August 2019
His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa receives visiting Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
24 August 2019
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